New environmental categorization table approved

The Environmental Categorization Table aims to categorize environmental projects according to their sector, sub-sector and activity; are works or projects subject to the environmental impact assessment process, as well as to classify them according to their potential impact on the environment. The activities, works or projects are classified according to the Regulations of the National System of Environmental Impact Study (SINEIA) in force, in four (4) different categories (1, 2, 3 and 4). To carry out this categorization, the relevant factors or conditions are taken into account, according to their dimensions, the known characteristics of the activities in progress, the nature of the actions carried out, their potential environmental impacts or their environmental risk. These categories were approved as follows in the reform according to Ministerial Order 0740-2019:

– Category 1 corresponds to projects, works or activities considered to have Low Potential Environmental Impact or Low Environmental Risk.

– Category 2 corresponds to projects, works or activities considered to have a Moderate Potential Environmental Impact or a Moderate Environmental Risk.

– Category 3 corresponds to projects, works or activities considered to have a High Potential Environmental Impact or a High Environmental Risk.

– Category 4 corresponds to projects, works or activities considered to have a Very High Potential Environmental Impact or a Very High Environmental Risk. Development megaprojects are considered to fall into this category.

The reform of the Environmental Categorization Table also defines and delimits what Ecologically Fragile Zones are. Which are considered a geographical space that, depending on its geo-fitness conditions, its capacity for the use of the land or the ecosystems that compose it, or its socio-cultural particularity, has a limited carrying capacity and, therefore , technical limitations for its use and for the realization of projects, works, industries or any other activity.

The categories of the environmental categorization table have been defined taking into account thresholds or limits derived from the review of similar tables or lists previously in force in the country, as well as the review of regional proposals from Central America. All this within the framework of a systematic review process carried out by the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MY ENVIRONMENT +) in collaboration with a group of experts in the field according to each sector. The Environmental Categorization Table will be reviewed and, if necessary, reformed, with a maximum periodicity of 4 years.

Comments are closed.